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WIN2000+PHP+MYSQL+TOMCAT+JSP完全整合安装手册


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关键字:JSP 2006-9-4

 

一、前期准备情况
1。一个安装好的WIN2000服务器,注意:如果预装了IIS,请先将IIS服务停掉或禁用。
2。下栽软件
APACHE:版本:1.3.22 ——apache_1.3.22-win32-x86.msi
JDK:版本: 1.3 ——j2sdk1_3_0-win.exe
PHP: 版本: 4.0.4 ——php4.0.4pl1-win32.zip
MYSQL: 版本:3.23.32 ——mysql-3.23.32-win.zip
TOMCAT:版本: 4.0.4 ——jakarta-tomcat-4.0.4.exe
Mod_jk:这是Jakarta组织开发的使Apache支持Tomcat的插件,比ApacheJserv更强大,因为ApacheJserv
只能用在Apache上,而不能用在别的WebServer 上,Mod_jk可以和很多服务器搭配起来用。
下载地址:http://jakarta.apache.org/builds/jakarta-tomcat/release/v3.3/bin/win32/i386/
(如果在提供的网址内找不到相应的软件,请在各大网上软件库找,一般都有!或发邮件至apollo@risesun-cn.com)
 
3。准备好足够的干粮和水,作好反复安装和重新启动的心理准备,但只要细心按照要求去做,一次成功不是什么
难事!
4。做一口深呼吸,别在想MM了!开始安装!
 
二、安装开始
1。APACHE安装
第一步:运行apache_1.3.22-win32-x86.msi,一路点确定和接受就行,基本比较傻瓜,为了方便期间和符合我
的习惯我安装的默认路径是 c:\ ,这样就安装在C盘下的APACHE的路径下,同时默认域为root.dev。
第二步:(我在这里作了一个虚拟主机,此步可以不做,根据你自己的需求)
编辑c:\apache\conf\httpd.conf
找到 #NameVirtualHost *
修改为 NameVirtualHost 192.168.0.16 #注意这个IP为你自己主机设的IP
找到 ServerName root.dev
修改为 #ServerName root.dev
添加
<VirtualHost 192.168.0.16>
ServerAdmin root@localhost
ServerName root.dev
DocumentRoot c:/apache/htdocs
ErrorLog c:/apache/logs/error_log
TransferLog c:/apache/logs/access_log
scriptAlias /cgi-bin c:/apache/cgi-bin
</VirtualHost>
第三步:将文件名 c:\apache\htdocs\index.html.en 改为c:\apache\htdocs\index.html
第四步:重新启动,访问 http://root.dev 浏览正常,显示APACHE欢迎页
 
------------小小的成功!可以喝口水了!----------------------------
 
 
2。MYSQL安装
第一步: 解压 mysql-3.23.32-win.zip 到目录 D:\MYSQL
第二步: 进入D:\MYSQL 运行SETUP.EXE 一路回车,默认安装到 C:\MYSQL
 
------------这一步应该没有什么问题!-------------------------------
 
 
3。PHP安装
第一步: 解压 php4.0.4pl1-win32.zip 到目录 D:\PHP
第二步: 将D:\PHP下拷贝到C盘根目录下
第三步: 进入C:\PHP ,开始配置PHP
将文件名 php.ini-dist 改为 php.ini
同时拷贝 php.ini 和 php4ts.dll 到WIN2000的系统安装目录下
的 system32和system目录下 (很重要,别忘了)
再次修改APACHE的配置文件httpd.conf (忘了吧!在c:\apache\conf\httpd.conf)
添加:
LoadModule php4_module c:/php/sapi/php4apache.dll
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php4
scriptAlias /php4/ "C:/php/"
Action application/x-httpd-php4 "/php4/php.exe"
AddType application/x-httpd-php4 .php
第四步: 重新启动系统
第五步: 测试
编写测试文件 info.php (拷贝到目录 c:\apache\htdocs\ 下)
文件内容:(就一行)
<? phpinfo(); ?>
访问: http://localhost/info.php 或 http://root.dev/info.php
如果看到PHP的欢迎测试页面,说明安装成功!
到目前为止,你的系统已经可以运行PHP程序了!
你已经配置好了 win2000+apache+php+mysql
 
----------------成功在望!吃些干粮,想5分钟MM,上趟厕所,或者骚扰一下隔壁的大哥---------
---如果你能确定2件事就可以往下进行了:
1.你的智商确实比中国足协的那堆废物高
2.真的很想进入JSP的世界遨游
 
 
4。JDK的安装
第一步:直接运行 j2sdk1_3_0-win.exe,一路回车安装,我这里默认的安装路径为d:\jdk1.3
第二步:配置环境变量
在我的电脑上点击鼠标右键-属性-点选高级-点选环境变量
弹出环境变量对话框,新建以下变量名和值:
-------------------------------------
变量名:path
变量值:d:\jdk1.3\bin
变量名:JAVA_HOME
变量值:d:\jdk1.3
变量名:CLASSPATH
变量值:.\;d:\jdk1.3\lib\dt.jar;d:\jdk1.3\lib\tools.jar;
第三步:重新启动计算机使配置的环境变量生效
 
5。TOMCAT安装
第一步:直接运行安装jakarta-tomcat-4.0.4.exe,我这里默认的安装路径是c:\Apache Tomcat 4.0
这时如果单独启动TOMCAT(到Tomca目录下运行startup.bat启动Tomcat或在菜单栏运行start
tomcat),就已经可以运行JSP文件了,但是我们还没有将APACHE和TOMCAT集成在一起,因为
虽然TOMCAT有内置的一个APACHE的HTTP服务,但是他仅仅对JSP程序体现出比较好的执行效率
和性能,对于静态页面的处理速度远不如APACHE,所以为了一个完美的WEB系统,我们要将
APACHE和TOMCAT集成在一起!
(下面就是集成他们的具体配置步骤,请注意仔细认真,我搞了1天才终于搞定!)
第二步:先配置APACHE
打开c:\apache\conf\httpd.conf
添加以下语句:
#------------------------------------------
LoadModule jk_module libexec/mod_jk.dll
AddModule mod_jk.c
JkWorkersFile "c:\Apache Tomcat 4.0\conf\worker.properties"
JkLogFile logs/mod_jk.log
JkLogLevel info
JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y] "
JkMount /*.jsp ajp13
JkMount /servlet/* ajp13
#-----------------------------------------------------
注意:以上语句的基本意思是:
第一、二句:指定APACHE和TOMCAT连接插件的位置和名称
第三句:指出mod_jk工作所需要的工作文件的位置
第七、八句:是将所有和jsp和servlet的请求通过Apj13的协议送给Tomcat,让Tomcat来处理
第三步:将下载的mod_jk.dllcopy到安装Apache目录下的libexec下就可以了
第四步:TOMCAT配置
首先是在c:\Apache Tomcat4.0\conf目录下建一个worker.properties
文件内容如下:
#----------------------------------------------------------
# $Header: /home/cvs/jakarta-tomcat/src/etc/Attic/workers.properties,v 1.3.2.2 2000/10/16 01:59:22 larryi Exp $
# $Revision: 1.3.2.2 $
# $Date: 2000/10/16 01:59:22 $
#
#
# workers.properties -
#
# This file provides jk derived plugins with with the needed information to
# connect to the different tomcat workers.
#
# As a general note, the characters $( and ) are used internally to define
# macros. Do not use them in your own configuration!!!
#
# Whenever you see a set of lines such as:
# x=value
# y=$(x)something
#
# the final value for y will be valuesomething
#
# Normaly all you will need to modify is the first properties, i.e.
# workers.tomcat_home, workers.java_home and ps. Most of the configuration
# is derived from these.
#
# When you are done updating workers.tomcat_home, workers.java_home and ps
# you should have 3 workers configured:
#
# - An ajp12 worker that connects to localhost:8007
# - An ajp13 worker that connects to localhost:8009
# - A jni inprocess worker.
# - A load balancer worker
#
# However by default the plugins will only use the ajp12 worker. To have
# the plugins use other workers you should modify the worker.list property.
#
#
 
#
# workers.tomcat_home should point to the location where you
# installed tomcat. This is where you have your conf, webapps and lib
# directories.
#
workers.tomcat_home=c:\Apache Tomcat 4.0
 
 
#
# workers.java_home should point to your Java installation. Normally
# you should have a bin and lib directories beneath it.
#
workers.java_home=d:\jdk1.3
 
#
# You should configure your environment slash... ps= on NT and / on UNIX
# and maybe something different elsewhere.
#
ps=\
# ps=/
 
#
#------ ADVANCED MODE ------------------------------------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
 
#
#------ DEFAULT worket list ------------------------------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
#
# The workers that your plugins should create and work with
#
worker.list=ajp12, ajp13
 
#
#------ DEFAULT ajp12 WORKER DEFINITION ------------------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
 
#
# Defining a worker named ajp12 and of type ajp12
# Note that the name and the type do not have to match.
#
worker.ajp12.port=8007
worker.ajp12.host=localhost
worker.ajp12.type=ajp12
#
# Specifies the load balance factor when used with
# a load balancing worker.
# Note:
# ----> lbfactor must be > 0
# ----> Low lbfactor means less work done by the worker.
worker.ajp12.lbfactor=1
 
#
#------ DEFAULT ajp13 WORKER DEFINITION ------------------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
 
#
# Defining a worker named ajp13 and of type ajp13
# Note that the name and the type do not have to match.
#
worker.ajp13.port=8009
worker.ajp13.host=localhost
worker.ajp13.type=ajp13
#
# Specifies the load balance factor when used with
# a load balancing worker.
# Note:
# ----> lbfactor must be > 0
# ----> Low lbfactor means less work done by the worker.
worker.ajp13.lbfactor=1
 
#
# Specify the size of the open connection cache.
#worker.ajp13.cachesize
 
#
#------ DEFAULT LOAD BALANCER WORKER DEFINITION ----------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
 
#
# The loadbalancer (type lb) workers perform wighted round-robin
# load balancing with sticky sessions.
# Note:
# ----> If a worker dies, the load balancer will check its state
# once in a while. Until then all work is redirected to peer
# workers.
worker.loadbalancer.type=lb
worker.loadbalancer.balanced_workers=ajp12, ajp13
 
 
#
#------ DEFAULT JNI WORKER DEFINITION---------------------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
 
#
# Defining a worker named inprocess and of type jni
# Note that the name and the type do not have to match.
#
worker.inprocess.type=jni
 
#
#------ CLASSPATH DEFINITION -----------------------------------------
#---------------------------------------------------------------------
#
 
#
# Additional class path components.
#
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)classes
 
#
# The XML parser provided with Tomcat
#
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)lib$(ps)jaxp.jar
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)lib$(ps)parser.jar
 
#
# Tomcat`s implementation
#
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)common$(ps)lib$(ps)jasper.jar
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)common$(ps)lib$(ps)servlet.jar
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)common$(ps)lib$(ps)webserver.jar
 
#
# Javac as available from Java2SE
#
worker.inprocess.class_path=$(workers.java_home)$(ps)lib$(ps)tools.jar
 
#
# Setting the command line for tomcat
# Note: The cmd_line string may not contain spaces.
#
worker.inprocess.cmd_line=-config
worker.inprocess.cmd_line=$(workers.tomcat_home)/conf/jni_server.xml
worker.inprocess.cmd_line=-home
worker.inprocess.cmd_line=$(workers.tomcat_home)
 
#
# The JVM that we are about to use
#
# This is for Java2
#
worker.inprocess.jvm_lib=$(workers.java_home)$(ps)jre$(ps)bin$(ps)classic$(ps)jvm.dll
 
#
# And this is for jdk1.1.X
#
#worker.inprocess.jvm_lib=$(workers.java_home)$(ps)bin$(ps)javai.dll
#
 
#
# Setting the place for the stdout and stderr of tomcat
#
worker.inprocess.stdout=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)inprocess.stdout
worker.inprocess.stderr=$(workers.tomcat_home)$(ps)inprocess.stderr
 
#
# Setting the tomcat.home Java property
#
worker.inprocess.sysprops=tomcat.home=$(workers.tomcat_home)
 
#
# Java system properties
#
# worker.inprocess.sysprops=java.compiler=NONE
# worker.inprocess.sysprops=myprop=mypropvalue
 
#
# Additional path components.
#
# worker.inprocess.ld_path=d:$(ps)SQLLIB$(ps)bin
#
 
#--------------------------------------配置文件完毕-------------------------------------
 
在这个文件中需要注意的是要修改只有两个地方,一个是workers.tomcat_home,
这是指定Tomcat工作的目录,另外一个是workers.java_home,这是指定Jdk的目
录,大家可以做适当修改!我这里的配置没有修改,都是符合我安装系统的配置!
 
其次,配置TOMCAT核心文件,打开 c:\Apache Tomcat4.0\conf\server.xml
修改如下:
将<!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<!--
<Connector className="org.apache.ajp.tomcat4.Ajp13Connector"
port="8009" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
acceptCount="10" debug="0"/>
-->
的<!-- --> 去掉,这句话熟悉XML的人都知道它是注释,因为默认的Tomcat4
是没有启用Apj13的8009的端口即mod_jk所使用,修改后如下:
<Connector className="org.apache.ajp.tomcat4.Ajp13Connector"
port="8009" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
acceptCount="10" debug="0"/>
然后保存,现在你的Tomcat和Apache的配置基本完成了。
 
第五步:所有配置基本完成,重新启动计算机,开始整体测试!
 
 
测试:大家首先启动Apache,然后在浏览器里输入http://localhost,如果能看
到Apache的欢迎页面,那么恭喜您,第一步成功了。然后回到Tomca目录下
运行startup.bat启动Tomcat,再打开浏览器输入:http://localhost:8080/
如果看到可爱的Tomcat,那么恭喜您,Tomcat也没有问题,最后最重要的是
Apache下可以解释jsp和Servlet,把下面的代码copy到文本编辑器中命名为
hello.jsp,
内容如下:
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=gb2312"%>
<html>
<body>
<%String str="Hello World!";%>
<%str=str+"你好";%>
<%=str%>
</body>
</html>
将它保存到C:\Apache Tomcat 4.0\webapps\ROOT下,然后在浏览器里输入
http://localhost/hello.jsp如果看到了Hello,那么您的确成功了。
------------------至此你已经大功告成,可以哼一个小曲了--------------------------
我的这个配置文档是经过考验,确实可以正常通过并运行的,希望能给你有所帮助,如果在进
行过程中有任何问题,请通知我!
我的QQ:5359496
EMAIL:apollo@risesun-cn.com
其次我再阐述两个问题:
1。由于我在配置APACHE中使用了虚拟主机,所以访问地址可以是:
http://localhost和http://root.dev,但是如果想http://root.dev访问成功的话,请在
浏览器里做如下设置:
INTERNET选项-连接-局域网设置
选择 “使用代理服务器”,地址:192.168.0.16 (写你主机的IP) 端口:80
 
2。对于APACHE主机下访问的JSP文件,实际上物理上不存在与APACHE的主机上,而是存在在
TOMCAT的主机目录里,例如:
http://localhost/hello.jsp 中hello.jsp文件实际不在 c:\apache\htdocs\下,而在
C:\Apache Tomcat 4.0\webapps\ROOT 下。这点请注意,不要混淆概念!

WIN2000+PHP+MYSQL+TOMCAT+JSP完全整合安装手册

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